Under component A, two trainings on the Building Energy Performance Software (BEP-TR were organised) in Ankara in February and April-May 2017. Both trainings targeted various group of experts from Chambers of Mechanical Engineers, Civil Engineers, Architects and Electrical Engineers and private companies as part of a train-the-trainer programme. In total, 228 people were trained on the software, including the latest version before its official release. Based on the acquired experience, the plan is to elaborate a holistic training concept for the new BEP TR certification. Further trainings, particularly with the aim of increasing the auditing capacity within MoEU, and a study on auditing mechanisms of Energy Performance Certificates in EU are also planned.
Under the same component, a report on international best practices on the Zero Carbon Building Model / Approach in the public sector has been compiled for the partner Ministry and a delegation was sent to the seminar entitled “Balancing Economic and Energy Efficiency While Implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive” in Berlin, Germany in November 2017. For the next step, a detailed study which on an international comparison of nZEB concepts and applications in countries with similar climatic conditions is planned to be developed to serve as a guide how to apply the concept in Turkey.
In the context of providing means of lowering energy demand and carbon emissions of public buildings, it has been agreed to inform the Ministry about Heat Pump system concepts and introduce means of applying this technology in public and private buildings in Turkey. To achieve this, an exploratory study on “Application/ Adaptation of Heat Pump technology for public and private buildings in Turkey” is envisaged within the scope of the project to inform relevant decision makers as well as private sector actors on the actual and potential Heat Pump technology market in Turkey and an online tool to support the selection of appropriate heat pump systems under specific climatic and structural conditions .
Under component B, together with MoEU as well as the Middle East Technical University, MATPUM Research Centre in Turkey, in early 2015, the project conducted a preliminary study of the methodology required to develop a data collection system for public buildings in Turkey. Following up on this input, in April 2016 the project went on to organise a two-day meeting between MoEU and other relevant government bodies and stakeholders to showcase various data management approaches and to make an initial assessment of the model type most suited to Turkey’s requirements. As a further step towards adata and information base on energy consumption in buildings, a study trip with participants of the Turkish Ministry of the Environment was carried out in May 2017: During a visit to the city of Frankfurt’s Department for Energy Management / Data Monitoring, the previous work on an energy efficiency database was continued.
Under component C, after a preliminary market study of energy efficiency technologies, a publication called 'Energy Efficiency Technology Atlas for the Turkish Buildings Sector' (based on the German Ministry of the Environment’s GreenTech Atlas), was expedited. The Atlas will be used to inform relevant decision makers as well as private sector actors on products, services, actors and driving forces of the sector in Turkey and internationally, while exploring the actual and potential buildings energy efficiency technology market for Turkey and to provide recommendations for further market development of these technologies. During the ENIPE Energy Efficient Industry and Products Expo (January 2018) in Istanbul, the project organized a consultation meeting to receive feedback from relevant actors to fill in data gaps and on how far all relevant issues have been addressed in the Atlas before the finalisation of the publication. The finalised version of the Atlas, along with a roadmap to successful implementation, was launched at the Energy Efficiency Forum and Fair in Istanbul in March 2018. The findings will continuously be used in cooperation with the private sector to strengthen the energy efficient technology market in Turkey and promote clean technologies.
During the study visit in May 2017, material testing laboratories and calculation software for energy modelling and the structure of such an institute were discussed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics in Holzkirchen, mainly as a possible starting point for deeper cooperation. During the Energy Transition conference organised by GIZ in cooperation with Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) and the German Embassy in September 2017, communication between Fraunhofer Institute and IZODER (Association of Heat Water Sound and Fire Insulators) and TSE (Turkish Statistical Institute) was initiated by the project to support long-lasting cooperation between Turkish-German research institutes.
Under the same component, collaboration with AHK (German-Turkish Chamber of Commerce and Industry) has been initiated in order to facilitate long-term private sector cooperation between Turkey and Germany in the field of energy efficiency in the building sector. To this end, a B2B event was organised in İstanbul during the ENIPE Energy Efficient Industry and Products Expo in January 2018 which provided an opportunity to German and Turkish companies to identify potential investment opportunities and partnership potentials. AHK will continue its work by organising a business delegation trip to Berlin in April 2018 and initiating a sustainable “R&D and business cooperation platform” which aims at facilitating know-how transfer between Germany and Turkey on energy efficiency in public buildings to widen the use of energy efficiency products, methods and concepts for decarbonisation in Turkey. For the cooperation platform, a concept and database on existing collaborations, successful projects and important actors including their requirements and interests in EE technologies and an R&D initiative culminating in an academic competition in the field of EE in buildings are being developed. Before the launch of the forum in June 2018, an online forum will also be created to promote the event and make the platform sustainable and easily accessible.
In order to promote long-term cooperation between German and Turkish training institutes in the field of building energy efficiency, a first draft for a joint curriculum between a German and a Turkish university for energy-efficiency for buildingswas designed and cooperation partners were identified in the university landscape of both countries based on their capacities, infrastructure and existing similar programs. The universities plan to launch their cooperation in a jointly organized summer school on energy efficiency in buildings in July-August 2018 with the support of GIZ.
As part of the project, it is also planned to construct a mobile building model in summer 2018 to demonstrate energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and energy saving in buildings. The model is meant for the use of the project implementation partner in order to create awareness and inform the general public on environmental, economic and technical aspects of energy efficiency in buildings and to encourage the application of energy efficient measures and technologies.
The project further aims to promote technology cooperation between Turkish and German universities/research institutes, chambers as well as association and companies of relevance and interest, through a series of workshops, seminars, visits, and b2b events.
Under component D, staff from the Turkish Ministry of the Environment and Urbanisation took part in a study trip to Germany in late 2014 to see first-hand how German municipalities instigate energy efficiency projects in public buildings. In a workshop in Ankara on demonstrating German standards of energy efficiency in public buildings, the 200+ participants were able to learn more about the preparation, design, implementation and monitoring stages involved in energy-efficient construction and/or retrofitting. In May 2017, the Ludwig Börne School (Frankfurt) and the GIZ building (DGNB certified) were visited for illustrative purposes during the study visit to assess and discuss energy efficiency renovation measures. This resulted in the project being commissioned by MoEU and the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) to design the energetic retrofit of a public school building in Kırıkkale in a know-how-transfer approach between German and Turkish specialists. For the planning stage of the school retrofit, a kick-off workshop in Ankara was organised with Turkish and German experts and responsible Ministries to define the retrofit strategy and a second workshop was organised in Munich for concept development. The finalisation of the concept for the retrofit was realised and presented in a third workshop in Ankara. The project plans to complete all activities for retrofit planning by June 2018 and further aims to provide consultancy for supervising and quality assurance, monitoring and evaluation processes of the school retrofit, and training of energy managers. It is also planned to install a exhibition and training centre for students in the pilot school.
A guidelines on energy efficient retrofitting of school buildings being prepared by the project based on the pilot project, combining earthquake safety and energy efficiency measures is anticipated to help the pilot activity to have a substantial scaling-up effect through applying the methodology in school buildings across Turkey. The guideline will cover the gap between literature on building construction using integrated building design approach and energy-efficient rehabilitation and will provide a practical planning aid for school buildings in the form of relevant basic information and concrete references to planning steps, methods of building analysis and energetic evaluation, feasible and advisable measures, cost characteristics, illustrative construction solutions as well as operation & maintenance.
In another activity in the context of energy audits and retrofits,, the project supported its partner MoEU in collection and measurement of all relevant information including building parameters and energy consuming systems and analysis on the energy efficiency of their service building in Ankara. Like in the school retrofit activity, a know-how transfer approach was followed in the form of facilitating German and Turkish energy auditing companies to work together to assess the current condition of the building and identify the best measures for energy efficiency improvements. As the results of the audit were analysed, a list of potential energy efficiency measures arranged in energy concepts of different levels of ambition was presented to the Ministry in a detailed report, giving some indication of technical feasibility, upfront investment and payback periods. The audit and the recommended measures will enable the decision-makers to prioritize the measures and spend the available budget for measures with the highest saving potential or exemplary effect and provide a clear overview of at what cost a specific amount of energy can be saved. For the following step, it is planned for the Ministry to make a selection among the measures and elaborate detailed plans to retrofit their building. The long-term plan at the behest of the Undersecretary of the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanisation is to create a guideline on retrofitting public buildings as well as a checklist for best practice examples of measures for new buildings being planned or constructed.